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How do you transplant a peony?

Answer

Peonies transplant better when you divide them.  Do this in the fall for best results!  First, dig up the plant.  Start digging a good 18 inches away from the crown of the plant.  Dig in circles around the plant, going deeper and deeper until you can gently lift the root ball out of the ground.  Prying the peony out of the ground will result in a damaged root system.
 
Cut off of the foliage – if you are doing this in the spring do NOT cut off foliage, but remove any blooms the plant may have.
 
Rinse off the root mass and then divide it into pieces so that each piece has three to five eyes/buds.  Then, trim the length of the root back to 6 to 8 inches.
 
Prepare a hole about 18 inches deep and 18 inches wide.  Plant the division in the hole so that the eyes are no deeper than 2 inches underground.  Fill hole in with soil.  Water well.  Mulch for the first winter.  Pull mulch back in spring.  Enjoy!